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Why empirical reviews is basically comparison between literatures…it can be state based comparison in government or culture base in cultural comparison.
A “literature review” should cover all of the scientific literature in a field that is defined by the author. Much of this is usually achieved by reference to previous reviews. By doing this, it is not necessary to review all of the past literature, but all studies that have been published since the most recent thorough review should be included. The amount and quality of analysis in a review may vary from little (i.e. a mostly descriptive review) to a lot (i.e. an analytical review).
A theoretical analysis would only include reference to those works that are necessary for the analysis (although subjectively omitting works that may run counter to the analysis is not acceptable in a scientific work). The analysis should be rigorous.
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A conceptual analysis may be the same as a theoretical analysis, but this category allows for more flexibility and less rigour. In essence, it’s the first step in analyzing an idea and may be floated for the purpose of stimulating feedback.
These publication categories overlap (they are not mutually exclusive) and journal editors may define them in their own distinctive ways.
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1) those that are part of the research process (i.e., after deciding on a research question one looks at previous related research to see not only what the current state of research is but also what methods, experimental designs, etc., were used)
I’ve seen papers contain both “theoretical analysis” and “conceptual analysis” in the title, as in they can be fairly indistinguishable. However, ‘theoretical analysis’ can refer to an actual analysis of empirical data obtained through experiments but with a focus on theory rather than application (see e.g., A Theoretical Analysis of Feature Pooling in Visual Recognition http://machinelearning.wustl.edu/mlpapers/paper_files/icml2010_BoureauPL10.pdf). While “literature review” is in everything from research methods dictionaries/encyclopedias & textbooks to scholarship in the philosophy of science, “theoretical analysis” is not (at least not to refer to some specific type of academic output or methodological approach). Within certain meta-theoretical frameworks (grounded theory) and certain methodological approaches within particular fields (e.g., qualitative research in which thematic and/or content analysis is a necessary part of analyzing open-response data, interview data, and other non-quantitative data), one finds conceptual analysis used more regularly in a specific sense, but for the most part these terms can refer to any non-quantitative analysis. They do not, in general, have the kind of specific senses that “literature review” has.
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