culture culture (kŭlʹchər) noun1. a. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. b. These patterns, traits, and products considered as the expression of a particular period, class, community, or population: Edwardian culture; Japanese culture; the culture of poverty. c. These patterns, traits, and products considered with respect to a particular category, such as a field, subject, or mode of expression: religious culture in the Middle Ages; musical culture; oral culture.2. Intellectual and artistic activity, and the works produced by it. 3. a. Development of the intellect through training or education. b. Enlightenment resulting from such training or education.4. A high degree of taste and refinement formed by aesthetic and intellectual training. 5. Special training and development: voice culture for singers and actors. 6. The cultivation of soil; tillage. 7. The breeding of animals or growing of plants, especially to produce improved stock. 8. Biology. a. The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium. b. Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.verb, transitivecultured, culturing, cultures1. To cultivate. 2. a. To grow (microorganisms or other living matter) in a specially prepared nutrient medium. b. To use (a substance) as a medium for culture: culture milk.Synonyms: culture, cultivation, breeding, refinement, taste. These nouns denote a personal quality resulting from the development of intellect, manners, and aesthetic appreciation. Culture implies enlightenment attained through close association with and appreciation of the highest level of civilization: “Culture is then properly described not as having its origin in curiosity, but as having its origin in the love of perfection” (Matthew Arnold). Cultivation suggests the process of self-improvement or self-development through which culture is acquired: The books and paintings in her library reflect her considerable cultivation. Breeding is revealed especially in good manners, poise, and sensitivity to the feelings of others: “The test of a man”s or woman”s breeding is how they behave in a quarrel” (George Bernard Shaw). Refinement stresses aversion to coarseness and implies a delicacy of feeling associated with fastidiousness: “to seek elegance rather than luxury, and refinement rather than fashion” (William Henry Channing). Taste is the capacity for recognizing and appreciating what is fitting, proper, or aesthetically superior: “These questions of taste, of feeling, of inheritance, need no settlement. Every one carries his own inch-rule of taste” (Henry Adams).

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cultureculture(n) sophistication, refinement, urbanity, civilization, cultivation, polish, taste, discernment, discriminationantonym: uncouthnesscivilization, society, mores, background, traditions, ethnicity, customs, way of life ethos, philosophy, values, principles, beliefs art, music, and literature, arts, humanities, fine art, visual art

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